Since June, the temperature in most parts of North China and Huanghuai has been 1~4Â°C higher than normal. Recently, the highest temperature in the southern part of North China and Huanghuai has reached 35Â°C. The hot and hot weather has accelerated the growth and development of the oriental migratory locust. . Meteorologists reminded the relevant regions to further strengthen monitoring, timely prevention and control, and reduce the impact on crop production.
According to reports, on June 4, 2500 mu of high-density East Asian migratory locusts broke out in the Yongji area of â€‹â€‹Shanxi Province. Among them, the farmland in the opening town of Wuxing Lake has nearly 1000 mu of farmland and a high density of more than 200 mu. The density is 500-800 heads per square meter and the highest is 1500 heads per square meter. The ratio of each age is 15% for 1 year, 60% for 2 years old, 20% for 3 years old, 5% for 4 years old, and 95% for group cockroaches. The Puzhou River Panyu District takes place in the Hanhetan farmland of Hanjiazhuang, with an area of â€‹â€‹more than 1,500 mu and a high-density point of more than 300 mu. The general density is 200-300 heads/m2 and the highest is more than 500 heads/m2. The ratio of individual ages is 15% for 1st age, 30% for 2nd age, 45% for 3rd age, 10% for 4th age and above, and 90% for gregarious cockroaches. In addition, along the Yellow River, Wanrong, Linyi, Yucheng and other areas have high-density spots, and the area continues to expand.
Judging from the current situation, the grouped East Asian migratory locusts mainly inhabit the wheat fields to be harvested, and do not eat wheat for the time being. However, thousands of acres of corn, sorghum and other grass crops have been eaten into polished rods, causing serious lack of seedlings and ridges.
According to the monitoring, at present, the East China Sea locusts in the Yellow River Beach Area, the North China Lake Library and the Bohai Bay have entered the second and third years of age, and the high-density insects in the southwestern part of the mountain are more important than the big ones. In the same period of 1998, if it was not timely prevented, with the increase of locust age, it is very likely that severe disasters will occur in late June, and even take off and migrate. A serious threat to crop growth.
In view of the suddenness, mobility and uncertainty of the location of the East Asian migratory locusts, the Ministry of Agriculture and the China Meteorological Administration jointly reminded all localities to strengthen monitoring and timely prevention and control to ensure that the flying rafts do not fly or become disaster-free.
It is reported that the locust is a general term for the Orthoptera striata, and there are more than 600 species in China. The most harmful ones are the East Asian locust and the Asian locust. The East Asian migratory locust is a grasshopper and aphid, which is a migratory and omnivorous pest. In the Yellow River beach area, the North China Lake Library and the Bohai Bay, the East Asian migratory locusts are two generations a year. Overwintering eggs hatch into summer sorghum from the end of April to the middle of May, and after the emergence of summer scorpion, they lay eggs in the middle of July and become hatching. East Asian migratory locusts feed on a variety of gramineous plants such as wheat, corn, sorghum, millet, rice, and alfalfa, and can also harm cotton, soybeans, and vegetables. In 1998, Xia Wei of the East Asian migratory locusts had an area of â€‹â€‹over 800,000 hectares in eight provinces (municipalities) such as Shandong, Henan, Hebei, and Tianjin, causing serious impact.
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